%0 Conference Paper %B Proc. of the 18th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW2009) %D 2009 %T Why is the Web Loosely Coupled? A Multi-Faceted Metric for Service Design %A Pautasso, Cesare %A Wilde, Erik %C Madrid, Spain %K REST, Loose Coupling. WS-* vs. REST %P 911-920 %S WWW %U http://dret.net/netdret/docs/loosely-coupled-www2009/ %X Loose coupling is often quoted as a desirable property of systems architectures. One of the main goals of building systems using Web technologies is to achieve loose coupling. However, given the lack of a widely accepted definition of this term, it becomes hard to use coupling as a criterion to evaluate alternative Web technology choices, as all options may exhibit, and claim to provide, some kind of "loose" coupling effects. This paper presents a systematic study of the degree of coupling found in service-oriented systems based on a multi-faceted approach. Thanks to the metric introduced in this paper, coupling is no longer a one-dimensional concept with loose coupling found somewhere in between tight coupling and no coupling. The paper shows how the metric can be applied to real-world examples in order to support and improve the design process of service-oriented systems. %8 April